The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay is a public engineering and research institution located in Powai, Mumbai, India. IIT Bombay was founded in 1958. In 1961, the Parliament decreed IIT as an Institute of National Importance. A high-power committee of the Government of India recommended in 1946 the establishment of four higher institutes of technology to set the direction for the development of technical education in the country. Planning for the Institute at Mumbai began in 1957 and the first batch of 100 students was admitted in 1958.
Over the last 53 years, around 39,000 engineers and scientists have graduated from the institute. Educational programs extend beyond the physical sciences and engineering into humanities and social sciences such as Economics, English, Philosophy, Psychology, and Sociology and into management studies. Over the years, the institute has created a niche for its innovative short-term courses through continuing education and distance education.